High cholesterol

Cholesterol is a compound found in every cell of the body. It builds new cells, but if the level of cholesterol in the blood is high, this means that fatty deposits will form within the walls of the arteries and these deposits will eventually obstruct the flow of blood.

types of cholesterol

There are three different types of cholesterol, including:

Bad cholesterol is called LDL.

It travels through the blood and builds up in the walls of the arteries, making them stiffer and narrower.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

This type of protein has the largest amount of lipids, a type of fat that binds to proteins in the blood so that cholesterol particles build up and make them larger, narrowing blood vessels.

If you’re taking cholesterol-lowering medication to lower your cholesterol, but your blood test results show high triglycerides, you may need additional medication to lower your triglycerides. Cholesterol is also high.

Good cholesterol is high-density lipoprotein, or HDL. The best way to get this type of cholesterol is through diet and exercise. Eating fruits and vegetables and exercising are among the best ways to help you get HDL.

It is what collects excess amounts of cholesterol, and returns it to the liver.

Symptoms of high cholesterol

High cholesterol values ​​are detected only by taking a blood test. There are no symptoms of high cholesterol as only high cholesterol values ​​are detected by doing a blood test.

Causes and risk factors for high cholesterol

Cholesterol moves in the blood by binding to certain proteins in the bloodstream. This link is called a lipoprotein binding and affects cholesterol levels. Factors affecting lipoprotein levels are classified as follows:

1. Controlled factors that affect cholesterol

There are many factors that contribute to raising the level of bad cholesterol and lowering the level of good cholesterol, the most important of which are:

  • smoking

Smoking makes blood vessel walls more susceptible to fatty deposits and lowers levels of “good” cholesterol.

  • Overweight

If your BMI is over 30, your risk of high cholesterol increases.

  • Malnutrition

Fat-rich foods, such as red meat and dairy products, increase blood cholesterol levels.

  • Not doing physical activity

Physical activity helps the body raise good cholesterol levels and lower bad cholesterol levels.

2. Factors not under control

There are other factors beyond our control that can affect the level of cholesterol in the blood, including:

  • Genetic factors

Genetic factors can prevent the body’s cells from effectively eliminating excess LDL cholesterol from the blood or cause the liver to secrete excess cholesterol.

  • Other risk factors

These groups are as follows:

  1. High blood pressure: High blood pressure on the artery walls can damage the arteries, making them more susceptible to the formation of fatty deposits inside.
  2. Diabetes: High blood sugar levels lead to an increase in bad cholesterol and a decrease in good cholesterol.
  3. Patients in the family : If a parent or sibling has high cholesterol levels before the age of 50, high cholesterol levels increase the risk of heart disease.

Complications of high cholesterol

High levels of cholesterol can lead to atherosclerosis, a type of plaque buildup on the arteries. This buildup may reduce the amount of blood flowing in the arteries. The following may happen:

  • If the arteries that supply blood to the heart are affected, chest pain and other symptoms may occur.
  • A blood clot can form that may block blood flow, or the clot may break off and block another blood vessel. If blood flow to the heart stops, it can lead to a heart attack; If the brain’s blood supply is cut off, it could lead to a stroke.

Diagnosing high cholesterol

Blood test A cholesterol meter usually shows:

  • Total cholesterol level.
  • Bad cholesterol level.
  • Good cholesterol level.
  • triglyceride level.

High cholesterol treatment

Treatment includes the following:

1. Lifestyle change

Making lifestyle changes are the first steps in treating high cholesterol, such as:

  • Doing physical activity regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy and balanced diet.

2. Drug therapy

How serious your heart disease is and what kind of medication you should be taking. If you’ve made major lifestyle changes and your LDL cholesterol is still high, your doctor may suggest taking a cholesterol-lowering medication. This can depend on several factors, including: how likely you are to have another heart attack in the next five years, and your age and current health. and possible side effects.

There are some common and acceptable cholesterol medications. The most common and accepted are the following:

  • Statins: Cholesterol-lowering drugs are used to lower harmful cholesterol levels in the body.
  • Bile acid-binding resins: Cholesterol is used by the liver to produce bile, which is necessary for digestion. These drugs prevent this process.
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: The small intestine absorbs cholesterol from the meal and excretes it into the bloodstream. These medications block cholesterol absorption.

If your triglyceride levels are high, you may want to consider cholesterol treatment. Your doctor will discuss this with you if your triglyceride levels are high.

  • Fibrates.
  • Niacin.
  • A combination of niacin and a statin.

Most of these drugs do not have serious side effects, but their effectiveness varies from person to person. If you decide to take a cholesterol-lowering medication, your doctor may also recommend periodic liver function tests to evaluate the effects of this medication on your liver.

Prevention of high cholesterol

Here are some tips to help prevent high cholesterol:

  • Do physical activity every day.
  • Avoid tobacco products that reduce your risk of developing high cholesterol.
  • Get rid of excess weight.
  • Eat healthy, as foods rich in dietary fiber have almost the same effect as statins in lowering cholesterol levels.
  • Avoid foods that contain trans fats.
  • Choose foods made with whole wheat, as there are many substances found in whole wheat products that contribute to a healthy heart.
  • You should try different vegetables and fruits.
  • Consume healthy fish, as many types of fish contain lower levels of fat and lower amounts of saturated fat and cholesterol than meat and chicken.

Alternative therapies

Although natural products that have been shown to be effective in lowering cholesterol levels are considered effective if your doctor approves, these products are not recommended unless your doctor also agrees. The following alternatives can be taken to lower your cholesterol level:

  • Spinal floor.
  • barley.
  • Psyllium seed.
  • the Garlic.
  • Oat bran.

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